Neko Starter's Guide

So you want to learn about Neko? Here is a step-by-step guide to making and running your first Neko program. Before you start, please choose a distribution, download it, and get ready to install it. But first, you should know that the pronunciation of "Neko" is n[e]ko and not n[i]ko.

Installation

Decompress the archive and put it into the folder you want :

  • on Linux systems, /usr/lib/neko is recommended
  • on Windows, you can use c:\neko

The archive contains :

  • neko : the virtual machine boot binary
  • libneko.so (neko.dll + neko.lib on Windows) : the NekoVM library
  • nekoc : the commandline Neko compiler
  • nekotools : neko utilities (including dev web server)
  • several .ndll files : the Neko standard libraries
  • test.n : the test bytecode
  • gc.dll (on Windows only) : the garbage collector used by Neko
  • include/ : this directory contains the .H files needed for embedding and extending the VM
  • LICENCE and CHANGES : some text documents

Configuration

Once Neko is installed on your system, you have to setup a few things :

  • On Linux : Setup your system so it will look for shared libraries in the install path (using export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/neko for example). Put neko, nekoc and nekotools in /usr/bin or another directory that you are using. Install the libgc1 package on your system.

  • On Windows : Add the c:\neko directory to your PATH environment variable. Here are instructions for Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

  • On Mac OS X(10.5 "leopard") : make a new folder, /opt/neko/, for example. Unpack the contents from the download ("OS X Universal binaries") to /opt/neko/. Add NEKOPATH to your .bash_profile(NEKOPATH=$NEKOPATH:/opt/neko/:/opt/neko/neko; PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/:$NEKOPATH; export PATH; export NEKOPATH)

Once this is done you should be able to run the neko command from any directory. Please check that neko is working. (On Windows you can you can open a command terminal using Start / Run.. and entering cmd then OK).

On Linux or OSX, if you didn't install neko in /usr/lib/neko or /usr/local/lib/neko ( /opt/neko on OSX ), then you need to setup the NEKOPATH environment variable so the runtime can find the Neko libraries. Set it to /my/path/to/neko:/my/path/to/neko_vm on Linux.

You should now be able to run the test : execute neko test to check that everything is setup correctly. Now you can start using Neko.

Compiling from Sources

Compiling Neko directly from sources is a little more difficult. First, you need to install libgc-dev, Then try to run make. All the compiled files should be compiled inside the bin subdirectory.

Compiling for Windows from sources is possible using the Visual Studio project files. You need to compile the neko.sln project (nekovm and nekovm_dll only) as well as the libs/libs.sln project.

Hello World

You can now start creating your first program hello.neko :

$print("hello neko world !\n");

Compile your hello.neko file into a hello.n file using the Neko command-line compiler by calling nekoc hello.neko. If you didn't make any syntax errors, this will produce a hello.n file containing the compiled bytecode of your sources.

You can now run this bytecode "module" by calling neko hello. This should print the usual funny string to the standard output.

From here...

From here on, you're no longer a beginner so you can start reading the other documents.

Congratulations!

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